Examination topics in the discipline Materials engineering

  1. Basics of solid-state thermodynamics

    a. thermodynamic description of a condensed system;

    b. the phase rule and phase diagrams;

    c. the concept of entropy in solids;

    d. chemical affinity;


  1. Basics of crystallochemistry

    1. chemical bonds vs. material properties;

    2. isomorphism and polymorphism;

    3. the Pauling's rule,

    4. solid solutions;


  1. Transport of mass and heat in solids

    1. mechanisms of heat transport in solid bodies;

    2. correlation between heat transport and chemical bonds;

    3. chemical diffusion and interdiffusion;

    4. quantitative description of diffusion process;


  1. Methods of investigations of solids (general characteristics)

    1. investigation methods of crystalline and amorphous bodies;

    2. methods of investigation of thermal properties of solids;

    3. vibrational spectroscopy;

    4. methods of investigation of solid surfaces;

    5. methods of investigation of solids microstructure;


  1. Consolidation processes of polycrystalline materials (sintering, chemical bonding, crystallization from alloys);

    1. diffusion and non-diffusion mechanisms of mass transport during sintering;

    2. types of sintering

    3. physical and chemical activation of sintering,

    4. energy changes associated with alloy crystallization;

    5. kinetics of crystallization;


  1. Ceramic construction materials

    1. the form and interpretation of the Condon-Morse curve;

    2. the phenomenon of elastic deformation of ceramic materials;

    3. Griffith's theory of brittle fracture and its consequences;

    4. examples of increasing strength and fracture toughness of ceramic materials;

    5. time dependence of strength on time: creep, subcritical crack growth;


  1. Ceramic functional materials

    1. mechanisms for conducting electric charges in solid bodies;

    2. transparency conditions for ceramic materials;

    3. ion conductors and electron semiconductors;

    4. dielectric polarization phenomenon;


  1. Composite materials;

    1. types of composites;

    2. rules for the selection of materials for composites;

    3. phenomena leading to the strengthening and strengthening of composite materials;

    4. the use of non-mechanical properties of composites;


  1. Biomaterials

    1. types of biomaterials;

    2. application of biomaterials;

    3. phosphate bioceramics;

    4. glassy biomaterials;

    5. biomaterials based on carbon;